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In the realm of version control systems, Git stands tall as a powerful and versatile tool. 🚀 Whether you’re an aspiring developer or a seasoned pro, understanding Git commands is paramount for efficient collaboration and streamlined code management.
👋 Initializing a Git repository is super easy! Just run the “git init” command in your terminal within the desired project folder. This command sets up a new Git repository, creating the necessary hidden files and folders to start tracking changes in your project.
$ git init # cmdInitialized empty Git repository in /path/to/your/project/.git
Now your project is ready to be version controlled with Git! 🚀
📥 Cloning a Git repository is a breeze! To create a copy of a remote repository onto your local machine, use the “git clone” command followed by the repository’s URL.
$ git clone https://github.com/MAKWritingHouse/Random-Quote.git Cloning into 'Random-Quote'... remote: Enumerating objects: 62, done. remote: Counting objects: 100% (62/62), done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (54/54), done. remote: Total 62 (delta 15), reused 19 (delta 0), pack-reused 0Receiving objects: 54% (34/62), 188.00 KiB | 314.00 KiB/s Receiving objects: 100% (62/62), 191.17 KiB | 327.00 KiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (15/15), done.
📝 Adding changes to the staging area in Git is a crucial step! This allows you to prepare specific files for the next commit. Use the “git add” command followed by the filenames or directories you want to stage.
$ git add file1.txt file2.js
You can also use wildcards to add multiple files at once.
$ git add *.html
And to stage all changes.
$ git add .
Now your changes are ready to be committed! 😄👍
💡 Committing changes in Git solidifies your work into a new snapshot. Use the “git commit” command with the “-m” flag to provide a meaningful message explaining your changes.
$ git commit -m "Added new feature and fixed bugs"
This captures the staged changes in a commit, creating a point in history you can refer back to! 📚🔒
🔍 Checking the status of your Git repository is a great habit! The “git status” command provides information about the current state of your files and branches.
$ git status On branch main Your branch is up-to-date with 'origin/main'. Changes not staged for commit: (use "git add <file>..." to update what will be committed) modified: file1.txt modified: file2.js Untracked files: (use "git add <file>..." to include in what will be committed) newfile.py no changes added to commit (use "git add" and/or "git commit -a")
This helps you understand what’s ready for commit and what needs further action! 🕵️♂️📦
🔍🔄 Checking the differences between your working directory and the last commit is easy with the “git diff” command! This command displays changes that haven’t been staged yet.
$ git diff
This shows the line-by-line changes in your files, helping you understand the modifications you’ve made! 📝🔀
📜 Viewing the history of commits in Git is insightful using the “git log” command! It displays a list of commits in reverse chronological order.
$ git log commit abcdef1234567890 Author: Your Name <email@example.com> Date: Wed Aug 18 12:34:56 2023 +0300 Added new feature commit 1234567890abcdef Author: Another User <firstname.lastname@example.org> Date: Tue Aug 17 09:00:00 2023 +0300 Fixed bugs and improved performance
This provides a snapshot of the project’s commit history and the changes made in each commit! 🗂️📅
🔄 Switching branches or restoring files in Git is a breeze with the “git checkout” command! To switch to a different branch, use.
$ git checkout branch_name
And to discard changes in a file.
$ git checkout -- file_name
Keep in mind that using “git checkout” to switch branches may cause you to lose uncommitted changes, so commit or stash them first! 🌳🔀
🌱 Creating and switching to a new branch in Git is super convenient using the “git checkout -b” command! This one-liner does both tasks at once.
$ git checkout -b new_branch_name
This creates a new branch and instantly switches to it, allowing you to start working on your new feature or bug fix right away! 🌟🌿
🔄🔀 “Git rebase” is a powerful command used to integrate changes from one branch onto another, often to maintain a linear commit history. It allows you to apply the commits of one branch on top of another.
$ git rebase main
This takes the changes from the current branch and replays them on top of the “main” branch, resulting in a linear history. Remember, rebasing can rewrite commit history, so use it carefully and avoid on shared branches. 🌱🔁